At 65 years of age and over:
- Flu (every year)
- Pneumococcal vaccine (PPV)
People who work in certain jobs should be vaccinated against diseases they may be exposed to at work. These vaccinations should be arranged and paid for by your employer (please see 'Immunisation against Infectious Disease' ('The Green Book') on the Department of Health website for more details). The list below provides some examples:
Nurses (and other health care workers) with direct patient contact who work in nursing homes, hospitals, general practices etc should have a flu vaccine every year, this is to protect them and their patients. Other vaccines are also sometimes recommended to help protect them and the vulnerable people they work with. These vaccines may include BCG (against tuberculosis), varicella (against chickenpox), MMR (against measles, mumps and rubella) and hepatitis B. Social care workers should also have the annual flu vaccine.
Some laboratory staff, people who handle animal species that are susceptible to TB, some prison staff, those working in homes for older people, staff of hostels for homeless people and facilities for refugees and asylum seekers may be recommended to have BCG vaccination. Likewise, some laboratory staff, morticians, embalmers and prison workers with regular contact with prisoners may be recommended to have the hepatitis B vaccine.
People who work with sewage and are at repeated risk of being exposed to raw sewage may be recommended to have hepatitis A immunisation for protection from infection. Welders are also recommended to receive vaccination against pneumococcal disease.
Other occupational groups that may benefit from immunisation including police and fire and rescue services.
Please talk to your work occupational health department, GP or Practice Nurse for more information. The NHS Choices website also contains useful information about how to access these vaccinations.