Cancer Incidence in Wales, 2005-2009
The Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit have published cancer incidence statistics for the diagnosis period 2005-2009 (27th January 2011).
The main findings from this report are as follows:
- There has been a slight decrease in the total number of male malignancies excluding non melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in 2009 compared to 2008, a 0.6% decrease on 2008 and a 7.4% increase on 2005. There has been an increase for females in 2009 compared with 2008 at 139 registrations (or 1.6%) and an increase of 7.2% compared with 2005.
- The majority of this increase in females in 2009 compared with 2008 cannot be attributed to one individual cancer site as there have been increases for cancers such as colorectal, urinary, leukaemia and malignant melanoma of the skin.
- For the most common cancer for both sexes: the number of cases for prostate cancer in 2009 has decreased compared to 2008 – a similar pattern is seen in breast cancer, the most common cancer in females.
- Other cancers which show increases in the number of cases in 2009 compared to previous years are colorectal cancer and malignant melanoma for both sexes, cervix uteri, female kidney cancer and male leukaemia. However, for male malignant melanoma of the skin, the European Age Standardised Rate (EASR) is slightly lower than that in 2008.
- Overall, the EASR has decreased for males and slightly increased for females in 2009 compared to 2008. However, the highest EASR in females was seen in 2009 whereas the highest EASR in males was seen in 2007.
- The report also shows cancer incidence statistics for the two cancer networks in Wales for the most common cancers. For all malignancies excluding non melanoma skin cancer, the highest EASR in 2009 was found in North Wales cancer network, 6.9% higher than in South Wales cancer network for males. However, for females, the highest EASR in 2009 was found in South Wales cancer network, 6.6% higher than in North Wales cancer network.
- New bladder cancer coding rules were implemented for those bladder cancers diagnosed from 2007 onwards according to the United Kingdom Association of Cancer Registries (UKACR). Hence, figures for bladder cancer diagnosed in 2005 and 2006 will be higher than those diagnosed from 2007 onwards.