Nid yw'r tudalen hwn ar gael yn Gymraeg ar hyn o bryd. Dyma'r fersiwn Saesneg.
Historically, the diagnosis of stroke was seen as a consequence of ageing and treatment was conservative rather than pro-active. However, early medical management has now been shown to have an impact on patient outcome.
Stroke is a major health problem in the United Kingdom (UK), being the third most common cause of death and the single most cause of ongoing disability. Each year 150,000 people have a stroke and whilst the majority of these are in the over 65 age group, 1,000 will be under 30 years of age. Therefore, annually in the UK there may be 250,000 people living with disabilities caused by stroke. In Wales, stroke is the leading cause of disability and one of the leading causes of death. It is now widely recognised that stroke is preventable and treatable.
In Wales, the 1000 Lives Plus programme and Welsh Government have implemented programmes including care bundles and intelligent targets to improve outcomes in stroke/transient ischaemic attacks (TIA).
TIA are early warning signs of a stroke and require specialist assessment as early as possible following a TIA episode occurrence. The benefit of intravenous thrombolytic treatment in ischaemic stroke is also strongly time dependent.