Nid yw'r tudalen hwn ar gael yn Gymraeg ar hyn o bryd. Dyma'r fersiwn Saesneg.

Anafiadau pen

In the United Kingdom (UK) each year over 1 million people will sustain a head injury with children making up a high proportion of this number. Although the incidence of head injury is high, death due to head injury in the UK is low (6-10 per 100,000 per annum) and the majority of people who sustain a head injury will have a minor or mild injury.

A traumatic brain injury is the result of a severe head injury caused for example by a jolt or blow in a fall, assault, accident or injury such as a sports or industrial injury.

Further causes of brain injury include stroke, haemorrhage, hypoxia/anoxia and infection or progressive neurological condition and these injuries are known as an acquired brain injury. People who have sustained a head injury may experience physical and sensory problems, behavioural and mood changes, sleep disturbance and cognitive problems, those suffering a severe injury are likely to have long term needs, including in some case, permanent impairment.

Alcohol may be involved in up to 65% of adult head injuries and road traffic accidents account for a greater proportion of moderate to severe head injuries. Young adults are the most commonly affected group and a further peak occurs in those aged over seventy years of age due to an increasing frequency in falls. In most age groups a dominance of 2:1 of males is predominant.